NUTRITION AND EXERCISE BEHAVIORS WİTH INTERNET ADDICTION: THE CASE OF CENTRAL ANATOLIA, TURKEY


Abstract views: 216 / PDF downloads: 87

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55433/gsbd./206

Keywords:

Internet Addiction, Nutrition, Exercise, Student, Nursing, Midwifery

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the relationship between internet addiction with nutrition and exercise behaviors of university students. This descriptive study was conducted between 20.11.2021 and 20.12.2021 in a Health Sciences Faculty in the Central Anatolian Region of Turkey. The study was completed with 597 university students, reaching 82% of the universe. The data of the study "Information Form", "Internet Addiction Test" and "Nutrition Exercise Behavior Scale" were used. Sperman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the data. The mean age of the students was 20.08±1.06 years, the mean BMI was 21.82±3.10 kg/m2, and 84.8% of them were women. The students' total Nutrition Exercise Behavior Scale mean score was 131.13±18.76 and the Internet Addiction Test mean score was 30.04±10.57. There was a weak positive correlation between the nutrition exercise behavior scale and the internet addiction test mean score (p<0.001). As students' internet addiction increases, psychological eating behavior and unhealthy nutrition exercise behavior increase. It can be suggested that mobile applications or online courses that will support university students in healthy nutrition be given as elective courses.

References

Aldossari, N., & Al-Mahish, M. (2021). Social media and unhealthy food nexus: evidence from Saudi Arabia. Acta Alimentaria, 50(1), 102–111. https://doi.org/10.1556/066.2020.00178

Alosaimi, F. D., Alyahya, H., Alshahwan, H., Al Mahyijari, N., & Shaik, S. A. (2016). Smartphone addiction among university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal, 37(6), 675–683. https://doi.org/10.15537/SMJ.2016.6.14430

Alpaslan, A. H., Koçak, U., Avci, K., & Uzel Taş, H. (2015). The association between internet addiction and disordered eating attitudes among Turkish high school students. Eating and Weight Disorders, 20(4), 441–448. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-015-0197-9

Arslan, S. A., Daşkapan, A., & Çakır, B. (2016). Specification of nutritional and physical activity habits of university students. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 15(3), 171–180. https://doi.org/10.5455/pmb.1-1436432564

Balta, Ç. Ö., & Horzum, B. (2008). Internet addiction test. Educational Sciences and Practice, 7(13), 87–102. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272357837

Bozkurt, H., Özer, S., Şahin, S., & Sönmezgöz, E. (2018). Internet use patterns and Internet addiction in children and adolescents with obesity. Pediatric Obesity, 13(5), 301–306. https://doi.org/10.1111/IJPO.12216

Çam, H. H., & Nur, N. (2015). A Study on the prevalence of internet addiction and its association with psychopathological symptoms and obesity in adolescents. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 14(3), 181–188. https://doi.org/10.5455/pmb.20141016033204

Çelik, Ç. B., Odacı, H., & Bayraktar, N. (2015). Is problematic internet use an indicator of eating disorders among Turkish university students? Eating and Weight Disorders, 20(2), 167–172. https://doi.org/10.1007/S40519-014-0150-3

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/index.htm

Flannery, O., Harris, K., & Kenny, U. A. (2021). An exploration into the impact of social networking site (SNS) use on body image and eating behavior of physically active men. Journal of Men’s Studies, 29(1), 26–49. https://doi.org/10.1177/1060826520913264/FORMAT/EPUB

Garibağaoğlu, M., Budak, N., Öner, N., Sağlam, Ö., & Nişli, K. (2006). The evaluation of nutritional status and body weights of female university students attending three different universities. Journal of Health Sciences, 15(3), 173–180.

Hendekci, A., & Avcı, İ. A. (2020). The relationship between internet addiction and nutrition exercise behaviours in adolescents. Ankara Medical Journal, 2, 315–326. https://doi.org/10.5505/amj.2020.52533

Holmberg, C., E. Chaplin, J., Hillman, T., & Berg, C. (2016). Adolescents’ presentation of food in social media: An explorative study. Appetite, 99, 121–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.APPET.2016.01.009

Karki, K., Singh, D. R., Maharjan, D., Sushmita, K. C., Shrestha, S., & Thapa, D. K. (2021). Internet addiction and sleep quality among adolescents in a peri-urban setting in Nepal: A cross-sectional school-based survey. PLOS ONE, 16(2), e0246940. https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0246940

Kırca, K., & Kutlutürkan, S. (2019). Effect of smart phone addiction levels of nursing students on their communication skills. Kocaeli Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 5(2), 81–85. https://doi.org/10.30934/kusbed.523924

Konca, E., Ermiş, E., Ermiş, A., & Erilli, N. A. (2019). Analysis of physical activity states and nutritional habits of students between the age of 7 and 14. Journal of Turkish Studies-Social Sciences, 14(1), 105–117. https://doi.org/10.7827/turkishstudies.14821

Minaz, A., & Çetinkaya Bozkurt, Ö. (2017). Investigation of university students smartphone addiction levels and usage purpose in terms of different variables. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 9(21), 268–286. https://doi.org/10.20875/makusobed.306903

Pilař, L., Stanislavská, L. K., Kvasnička, R., Hartman, R., & Tichá, I. (2021). Healthy food on instagram social network: vegan, homemade and clean eating. Nutrients, 13(6), 1991. https://doi.org/10.3390/NU13061991

Rodgers, R. F., Melioli, T., Laconi, S., Bui, E., & Chabrol, H. (2013). Internet addiction symptoms, disordered eating, and body image avoidance. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 16(1), 56–60. https://doi.org/10.1089/CYBER.2012.1570

Sampasa-Kanyinga, H., Chaput, J. P., & Hamilton, H. A. (2015). Associations between the use of social networking sites and unhealthy eating behaviours and excess body weight in adolescents. The British Journal of Nutrition, 114(11), 1941–1947. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515003566

Serenko, A., Turel, O., & Bohonis, H. (2021). The impact of social networking sites use on health-related outcomes among UK adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior Reports, 3, 100058. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CHBR.2021.100058

Sidani, J. E., Shensa, A., Hoffman, B., Hanmer, J., & Primack, B. A. (2016). The association between social media use and eating concerns among US young adults. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(9), 1465–1472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2016.03.021

Tao, Z. L., & Liu, Y. (2009). Is there a relationship between Internet dependence and eating disorders? A comparison study of Internet dependents and non-Internet dependents. Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 14(2–3), e77–e83. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03327803

Tayhan Kartal, F., & Yabancı Ayhan, N. (2021). Relationship between eating disorders and internet and smartphone addiction in college students. Eating and Weight Disorders, 26(6), 1853–1862. https://doi.org/10.1007/S40519-020-01027-X

Turkish Statistical Institute. (n.d.). Household Information Technologies (IT) Usage Survey, 2021. https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Hanehalki-Bilisim-Teknolojileri-(BT)-Kullanim-Arastirmasi-2021-37437#:~:text=İnternet kullanım oranı 2021 yılında,w%2C5 olduğu görüldü.&text=92%2C0 oldu-,Genişbant ile İnternete erişim sağlayan hanelerin,yılında %92

Turkish Statistical Institute. (2021). Turkish Statistical Institute. https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Bulten/Index?p=Istatistiklerle-Genclik-2020-37242#

World Health Organization. (n.d.). Adolescent and young adult health [Fact sheet]. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescents-health-risks-and-solutions

Ying, C. Y., Maria Awaluddin, S., Kuay, L. K., Man, C. S., Baharudin, A., Yn, L. M., Sahril, N., Omar, M. A., Ahmad, N. A., & Ibrahim, N. (2021). Association of internet addiction with adolescents’ lifestyle: a national school-based survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(1), 168. https://doi.org/10.3390/IJERPH18010168

Yurt, S., & Özdemir, T. (2020). What is the Nutrition and Exercises Behaviour of University Students? Journal of Education and Research in Nursing, 17(3), 238–281. https://doi.org/10.5222/HEAD.2020.58234

Yurt, S., Save, D., & Yıldız, A. (2016). Developing an evalution scale of nutrition exercise behaviours for adolescents; it’s validity and reliability. Türkiye Klinikleri J Public Health Nurs-Special Topics, 2(1), 19–25.

Published

2023-10-03

How to Cite

ATİLLA, R., Höbek Akarsu, R., ŞAHAN, Özlem, & Şahin Kaya, A. (2023). NUTRITION AND EXERCISE BEHAVIORS WİTH INTERNET ADDICTION: THE CASE OF CENTRAL ANATOLIA, TURKEY. Göbeklitepe Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(13). https://doi.org/10.55433/gsbd./206

Issue

Section

Articles