THE EFFECT OF MUSIC THERAPY ON ANXIETY AND PAIN IN INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES WHO JUST STARTED INSULIN THERAPY


Abstract views: 53 / PDF downloads: 38

Authors

  • Satı CAN Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi
  • Saadet CAN ÇİÇEK Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi

Keywords:

Anxiety, diabetes, music therapy, nursing, pain

Abstract

This study, it was purpose to evaluate the impact of music therapy on anxiety and pain caused by insulin injections in individuals with diabetes whose insulin begins for the first time. The sample of the randomized controlled study was formed of 57 people. Individuals were separated into two groups: the intervention group and the control group. Descriptive Characteristics Form, State-Trait Anxiety Scale and Visual Pain Scale were used to collect data. Music therapy was applied to the intervention group as well as routine practices during diabetes education. Routine interventions were made in the control group. State anxiety scale scores in the intervention group were found to be lower than the baseline scores after music therapy. Also, the intervention group's state anxiety and pain scores after the music therapy were lower than the control group. Music therapy has made a positive contribution to reducing insulin anxiety and pain. Based on the research results, the use of music therapy in addition to routine practices is recommended.

References

International Diabetes Federation. IDF diabetes atlas Tenth edition. (2021). Access Address: https://diabetesatlas.org. (Accessed Date: 12 February, 2023).

Chen, P., Ma, X., Chen, H., Kang, K., Zhou, L. (2020). Delays in insulin initiation among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Southeast China: A retrospective, real-world study. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 3059–68. http://doi.org/10.2147/dmso.s256381.

İzgü, N., Gök Metin, Z. (2021). Perceptions of type 2 diabetes patients for starting insulin: A qualitative content analysis, Journal of Diabetes and Obesity, 3, 317-24; http://doi. org/10.25048/tudod.1015925.

Ellis, K., Mulnier, H., Forbes, A. (2018). Perceptions of insulin use in type 2 diabetes in primary care: A thematic synthesis, BMC Family Practice, 1-21. doi. org/10.1186/s12875-018-0753-2.

Kruger, D. F., LaRue, S., Estepa, P. (2015).Recognition of and steps to mitigate anxiety and fear of pain in injectable diabetes treatment, Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 8, 49–56. http:// doi.org/10.2147/dmso.s71923.

Bailey, M., Renner, S. A. (2022). Addressing common barriers to insulin initiation and use. Cardi O-H, 1-9.

Korhan, E. A., Uyar, M., Eyigör, C., Hakverdioğlu, G., Çelik, S., Khorshid, L. (2012). The effects of music therapy on pain in patients with neuropathic pain, Pain Management Nursing, 15 (1), 306-14. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2012.10.006.

Liu, S., Li, G. (2023). Analysis of the effect of music therapy interventions on college students with excessive anxiety, Occupational Therapy International, 1-11. http://doi.org/10.1155%2F2023%2F3351918.

Witte, M., Spruit, A., Hooren, S., Moonen, X., Stams, G-J. (2020). Effects of music interventions on stress-related outcomes: A systematic review and two meta analyses, Health Psychology Review, 14 (2), 294–324. http://doi.10.1080/17437199.2019.1627897.

Thaut, M. H. Music as therapy in early history. (2015). Prog Brain Res., 217, 143-58. http://doi.org/10.1016/bs.pbr.2014.11.025.

Ashour, A. S. A., Abd‑El Gawad, M., Yohanna, M., El-Nagar, M., Fadl., A. N., Goda, G. M., et al. (2022). Is music intervention effective in reducing anxiety and pain during breast biopsy procedure? A systematic review and meta‑analysis of randomized controlled trials. Supportive Care in Cancer, 10379–89. http://doi.10.1007/s00520-022-07414-7.

Pengh, S., Zhang, X., Liu, Y., Fu, X., Zhou, M., Xu, G., Xie, G. (2020). The efficacy of 5-element therapy for senile diabetes with depression A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis, Medicine, 1-4. http://doi.org/10.1097%2FMD.0000000000023622.

Cohen, J. 1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2nd ed. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. 1988. Access Address: https://www.utstat.toronto.edu/~brunner/oldclass/378f16/readings/CohenPower.pdf. (Accessed Date: March 18, 2023).

QuickCalcs, Randomly Assigns Subjects to Treatment Groups. 2021. Access Address: https://www.graphpad.com/quickcalcs/randomize2/. (Accessed Date: March 20, 2023).

Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R. E. (1970). The state-trait anxiety inventory (test manual), Consulting Psychologists, 1-7.

Yaray, O., Akesen, B., Ocakoğlu, G., Aydınlı, U. (2011). Validation of the Turkish version of The Visual Analog Scale spine score in patients with Tabriz fractures, Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc, 45(5), 353-358. http://doi.org/10.3944/aott.2011.2528.

Gökalp, K., Ekinci, M. (2020). Effect of music therapy on anxiety and sleep quality of geriatric haematological oncology patients, Turkish Journal of Geriatrics, 23 (4), 546-54. http://doi.org/10.31086/tjgeri.2020.193.

He, H., Li, Z., Zhao, X, Chen, X. (2023). The effect of music therapy on anxiety and pain in patients undergoing prostate biopsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 72, 1-9. http://doi..org/10.1016/j.ctim.2022.102913.

Wood, C., Cutshall, S. M., Lawson, D. K.L, Ochtrup H. M., Henning, N. B., Larsen, B. E., et al. (2021). Music therapy for anxiety and pain after spinal cord injury: A pilot study. Global Advances in Health and Medicine, 10, 1-8. http://doi.org/10.1177%2F21649561211058697.

Bahrmann, A., Abel, A., Zeyfang, A., Petrak, F., Kubiak, T., Hummel, J., et al. (2014). Psychological insulin resistance in geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus, Patient Educ Couns, 94(3), 417-22. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2013.11.010.

Keeler, B., Meal, A., Jiwani, S. I., Gyasi-Antwi, P., Adams, G. G. (2021). Psychological insulin resistance in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, Annals of Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology, 4 (1), 1-7

Lim, A., Song, Y. (2020). The role of psychological insülin resistance in diabetes self-care management. Nursing Open, 7, 887–94. http://doi.org/10.1002%2Fnop2.462.

Hanberger, L., Tallqvist, E., Richert, Olinder, A. L., Forsner M., Mörelius, E., et al. (2021). Needle-related pain, affective reactions, fear, and emotional coping in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: A cross-sectional study, Pain Management Nursing, 22, 516–21. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2021.01.007.

Tremolada, M., Cusinato, M., Bonichini, S., Fabris, A., Gabrielli, C., Moretti, C. (2011). Health-related quality of life, family conflicts and fear of injecting: Perception differences between preadolescents and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their mothers. Behav. Sci., 11 (98), 1-11. http://doi.org/10.3390/bs11070098.

Stuckey, H., Fisher, L., Polonsky, W. H., Danielle, H., Snoek, F. J., Tang, T. S., et al. (2019). Key factors for overcoming psychological insulin resistance: an examination of patient perspectives through content analysis, BMJ Open Diab Res Care, 1-9. http://doi.org/10.1136/bmjdrc-2019-000723.

Balogh, E. G., Perez-Nieves, M., Cao, D., Hadjiyianni, I. I., Ashraf, N., Desai, U., et al. (2020).Key strategies for overcoming psychological insulin resistance in adults with type 2 diabetes: The UK subgroup in the EMOTION study. Diabetes Ther., 11, 1735–44. https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs13300-020-00856-4.

Tabrizi, E. A., Sahraei, H., Rad, S., Hajizadeh, E., Lak, M. (2012). The effect of music on the level of cortisol, blood glucose and physiological variables in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. EXCLI Journal, 11, 556-65.

Fitriani, A., Firdaus, F. A., Amatilah F. (2021). The effect of music therapy to lower pain scale among post-operating patients, Genius Journal, 2 (1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.56359/gj.v2i1.13.

Krishnaswamy, P., Nair, S. (2016). Effect of music therapy on pain and anxiety levels of cancer patients: A pilot study. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 22 (3), 307-11.

Packiam, V. T., Nottingham, C. U., Cohen, A. J., Eggener, S. C., Gerber, G. S. ( 2018). No effect of music on anxiety and pain during transrectal prostate biopsies: A randomized trial. Urology, 31-5. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2018.04.014.

Redding, J., Plaugher, S., Cole, J., Crum, J., Ambrosino, C., Hodge, J., et al. 2016). Where’s the music?” Using music therapy for pain management. Federal Practitioner, 46-9.

Yang, Q., Qunhui, Shao, Q., Xu, Q, Shi, H., Li, L. (2021). Art therapy alleviates the levels of depression and blood glucose in diabetic patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1-9. http://doi.org/10.3389%2Ffpsyg.2021.639626.

Shijina, K., Chittoria, R. K., Chavan, V., Aggarwal, A., Gupta, S., Reddy, C. L., et al. (2019). Effect of music therapy as an adjunct in management of diabetic foot ulcer. Case Report, 5 (1): 23-5. http://doi.org/10.17140/DROJ-5-142.

Published

2024-06-26

How to Cite

CAN, S., & CAN ÇİÇEK, S. (2024). THE EFFECT OF MUSIC THERAPY ON ANXIETY AND PAIN IN INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES WHO JUST STARTED INSULIN THERAPY. Göbeklitepe Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(16). Retrieved from https://gobeklitepejournal.com/index.php/pub/article/view/262

Issue

Section

Articles